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Pine Wood: Types, Properties Trees and Uses – A Popular Softwood Used for Home Floors!

Pinewood is perhaps the most used and known wood. It is due to several factors including its abundance, ease of work, and versatility and its cost

There are many species of pine trees, each with different characteristics or properties. In this article, we will name some of these species and the most common characteristics, but we must be aware that this is a generalization that may not apply to all types of pine.

Some of the most common classes within the world of carpentry are:

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Insignis pine or radiata pine. Abundant in northern Spain, Chile, and the west coast of the USA among other places. Whitish whitewood and heartwood between yellow and brown. It has abundant knots. Find the best in Radiata Pine Wood at BeautexWood Mumbai


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Oregon pine. Mainly located on the west coast of the USA and Canada, northern France, and the United Kingdom. Yellow sapwood and yellowish-brown heartwood. It has thick knots.


Wild or red pine. Very abundant in Europe, from Spain to Russia. Pale yellow and reddish heartwood. It has frequent knots and small bags of resin. In Spain, it is also known as Pino Soria, because the main farms are in this area.


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Maritime or Galician pine. Mainly located in Southern Europe and North Africa. Smooth yellowish and light yellowish heartwood tones. It has abundant knots, both small and large, and small bags of resin.

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Characteristics of Pine Wood

It has good indexes in resistance, contraction and flexion, and impregnability. It does not stand out in any of them, but the combination is usually good.

Color: There are differences between species.

Fiber: straight.

Grain: medium, medium-coarse.

Hardness and Density: The approximate density can be between 500kg / m3 of insignis pine and 570 kg / m3 of larice pine. Calculated at a humidity of 12%. We are facing a wood that is normally classified as soft, and in some cases as semi-hard (Melis Pine, Wild).

Durability: It is considered that the pine has little and medium durability against the action of fungi and insects. Oregon pine is one of the most durable types of pine. All must be treated, at least superficially, to improve their durability. Perhaps the most common treatment is autoclave (vacuum and high pressure), which allows obtaining wood suitable for outdoor use in an economical way.

Workability: Pinewood is generally an easy wood to work. In fact, it is one of its best features.

  • Sawn. Easy.
  • Drying Easy but slow. There are small risks of fences and slight deformations
  • Brushed. Easy.
  • Gluing. Easy, unless there is resin.
  • Nailed and screwed. Easy.
  • Finish. Accept the finishes quite well. Some species of pine have abundant resin, s tain which complicates the issue of finishes.

Price: Although logically there are important differences depending on the species and where we buy it, the price of pinewood is low. Especially if we compare it with other wood. It is mainly due to its abundance. Cost of pine wood per square meter is inexpensive

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Uses of the Pine

  • Manufacture of indoor furniture of medium quality. Normally of rustic appearance when the wood is seen.
  • Interior carpentry: doors, windows, platforms, friezes, etc.
  • In some cases, it is also used in exterior carpentry but not especially exposed. For example in doors and windows.
  • Construction: beams and ceilings.
  • Laminated wood.
  • Enlisted and plywood boards.


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